Introduction; ‘ who am i’ is a title to given to set of questions and answers bearing on self-inquiry . The questions were asked by Sri Sivaprakasam pile to Maharishi Ramana about the year 1902. Sri pilli a graduate in philosophy, was at the time employed in the Revenue Department of south Arcot collectorate . during his visit to Tiruvannamali in 1902 on official work, he went to Virupaksha cave on Arunachala hill and met the Maharishi Ramana there .He shught from his spiritual guidance and solicited answers to questions relating to self-inquiry. As Maharishi was not talking then, not because of any vow he had taken, but because he did not have the inclination to talk, he answered the answers questions put to him by writing.
It is clearly set forth the central teaching that the direct path to liberation is self-inquiry.the particular mode in which the inquiry is to be made lucidly set forth in nan yar book name in Tamil . book was printed by Maharishi Ramana’s permission.
The mind consists of thoughts. The ‘I’ thought is first to arise in mind. when the inquiry ‘Who am I ‘ is pursued all other thoughts get destroyed, and finally, the I thought itself vanishes, leaving the non-dual self anole. the false identification of the self with phenomena of non-self such as the body and mind thus ends, and there is illumination, sakshatkara. , the prosses of inquiry, of course, is not an easy one. as one enquire ‘who am I’? other thoughts will arise, one should not yield to them by following them on the contrary one should ask, ” To whom they do they arise?” in order to do this, one has to be extremely vigilant. through constant inquiry, one should make the mind stay in its source, without allowing it to wander away and get lost in the mazes of thought created by itself. all other disciplines such as breathing control and meditation on the form of God should be regarded as auxiliary practices. they are useful so far as they help the mind to become quiescent and one-pointed. for the mind that has gained the skill in concentration self-inquiry becomes easy. it is by ceaseless inquiry that the thoughts are destroyed and the self-realized, the plenary reality in which there is not even the,’I’ thought, the experience which is referred to as ” Silence’. This is the teaching of Maharishi Ramana in WHO AM I.