What is ’I’? Nirvana.

What is ’I.’ or ’who am I.’ is the same thing. As I will give the example of Maharishi Ramana.

The body doesn’t say.’ I.’ nobody says ’I.’ did not exist in a deep sleep.

When ’I.’ rises all rises’ find out with keen intellect, whence this.’ I’?—Maharishi Ramana.

This is the method of the, Self -inquiry. Or we can say deep meditation. According to the knowledge of Vedanta Guru teach you that you are not body and mind. It is true, but we don’t believe in it. But real Saint memorises to you again and again. By his instructions and by the study of scriptures, when you understand this theory, then he will instruct you to do mediation, which means Observation of mind. And according to your practice and Grace one day, you find that bliss in your heart. This is self-realisation or understanding who am I? this is also Nirvana or liberation.


Problems and solutions

There is consciousness alone with quietness in the mind. This is precisely the state to be aimed at. The word ’diving.’ is appropriate if one has to turn the mind within to avoid being distracted by outgoing tendencies of the mind. But when deep quietness prevails without obstruction the consciousness, where is need to dive?—Maharishi Ramana.

Comment; for a man who is advanced in the practice of meditation, it’s straightforward to understand. When the mind is going outside in worldly affairs, we have to work on it, to come inside. Because in inwardness, we find the experience of bliss. But when it enjoys the joy continually, then there’s no need to practice. M


Ultimate truth.

Today while meditating in the morning, a thought suddenly came in my mind. That Vedanta, my Guru St Nikka Singh, maharishi Ramana, have repeated again and again Confirm it that you are not the body, my Guru while teaching us Bhagavad Gita used to say confirm It. 13th Chapter of Bhagwad Gita is on this subject.

Today, I think deeply about this: first thing, when we say, my land, my car, my son, my wife, my property we then believe to the body as.’ I’. But where from we got it? We didn’t send the application to God, that I want to born in human form! And if it is my body then.’ who am I’?. Only find this.’ I.’ then nothing to do more. This is real advice of Wise, Saints of. India.


Problems and soulations

The thought.’ I am not able to concentrate.’ is itself an obstacle. why should the thought arise?’—-Maharishi Ramona

Comment; In fact, every thought is itself an obstacle for meditation. To find Bliss in your heart, there should be not too much thinking. By looking on intellect, we minimise our thoughts. In the absence of ideas, we can find Bliss in our hearts. My Guru st Nikka Singh used to tell us that in a deep sleep you have nothing, no money no sex, but you are happy. Same happens in meditation.


Problems and Solutions

Success in turning the mind inward is achieved by practice and dispassion , and it succeeds only gradually. — Maharishi Ramana.

Comment; Maharishi Ramana was such a saint; he lived in a cave; meditation was his God blessing; he doesn’t read the books; his words come from his inner being. He told us that it takes time to turn the mind inward. And it will happen gradually and with dispassion.meaning that it needs more practice of mediation and dispassion.


The way of knowledge

There is nothing on earth equal in purity to the wisdom. He who becomes purified by yoga finds this in himself. In his self in the course of time.—-Gita Chapter 4th Solaka 10th.

Comment; I think this Solaka of Gita is very important. The whole truth has been told here. Simply we have already bliss in our hearts, but the problem is that we have to purify our hearts. Who can do it with Yoga finds it already there? So sell -realisation is not such thing which we have to purchase from the market. Only our task is to purify our hearts by Yoga.


Natural State

The state in which the awareness is firm, even when objects are sensed, is called the natural state.—-Maharishi Ramana.

Comment; our natural state is a Sat- chit-ananda or Self( bliss ). When this happens, and one is also is aware of the sense objects, this is natural state means that living in the world doing the actions you touch the bliss. I can do my job while working.



There is no entity by name of the mind. because of the emergence of thoughts, we surmise something from which they start. that we term ’ mind’—Maharishi Ramana.

Comment; According to Vedanta permanent is that thing which remains every time. So Observer in us remains every time. my Guru St.Nikka Singh Ji used to say that confirm it., ” you are not the body, you do not mind, but you are Observer, you can see in your Self that everything changes as mind, body, your senses but the observer never changed. during observation of the mind, your thoughts get emerge, ”


Problems and Soulations

Do not regret tamas ,but when sattva comes into play ,hold on to it and make the best of it.—Maharishi Ramana.

Comment; The mind has been divided by three mods according to Vedanta. When mind is cool and peaceful this mode is called sattvica, when mind occupied with worldly obstacles then this mode called Rajas and mind is lazy, sleep, and can’t discriminate between real and unreal then called tamas. tamas we can’t do meditation, some. People upset that time. our mind works according to our tendencies of this life and previous lives. these three mods changes every time, It’s not in our Maharishi told as his teaching notcomes regret that time when Sativa comes do your best for practice of meditation.



One who is aware of his divinity,while in the body,is in state of bliss beyond description,transcending bondages and liberation,this is here and now.—-Maharishi Ramana.

Comments; in deep meditation when mind goes inward and emerge in the self then we touch the self or bliss.this stage of Samadhi is our real picture or self but because it’s so beautiful,cool, saints used so many words but our language has no enough capacity to explain it. Saint Kabir said,” a man who can’t speak has eaten sugar if you ask him about the taste he can not explain it “ that is Maharishi said that this state is beyond description,transcending,bondages and liberation and this is here and now.



The inquiry into the self, is inclusive of faith, devotion, Jnana,yoga and all.—- Maharishi Ramana.

Comments; In these words meaning of Maharishi is that self-inquiry has already a fruit of faith, devotion.Jnana, yoga. Because the purpose of these things was to achieve self-realization. And I can say without any doubt it is absolutely right. Our purpose is to find eternal peace which is already there, but we do not believe in ourself. By self inquiry or Vippassana we remove our thoughts and in result we find bliss which was already there. So, according to my experience by these methods, we only minimize our thoughts and as you know if there are clouds in the sky we cannot see the blue sky. But in the absence of clouds we are able to look blue sky.Likewise by self-inquiry (meditation) we remove our thoughts and find bliss in result of it. This stage we say Samadhi.



Question no 4; Wen will the realization of the self be gained ?

Answer; When the world which is What-is -seen has been removed, there will be realization of the self which is the seer. — Maharishi Ramana.

Comments; These questions and answers are a little set of questions and answers in a little book named ‘ who am I ‘? These questions and answers were asked from Sri Pilli to Maharishi Ramana in the year 1902. Maharishi Ramana was in a Virupakash cave in silence. He mostly was living in Samadhi in those days. Sri pile was a graduate and was employed in Revenue department. He met Maharishi Ramana on his official tour. He struck to look him and asked these questions.Maharishi was in Silence and answers were given in writing. This is 4th question.

Answer; Maharish Wrote that when the world, meaning our thoughts of the world will be removed by self-inquiry which is observing mind, then you will be able to find the taste of bliss.

Now, as I know about it with my own experience. In doing this practice for 35 years. And experience of this is such beautiful, calm I write only for this that anybody else can take advantage of this. Our thoughts are obstacles in this experience. we can not show anything which is seen. We only suggest to anybody that you are God gifted in your heart for this. My Guru used to give an example of deep sleep. In deep sleep we have no money, car. Fame, sex, but we have experience of calmness.In meditation we find that calmness while awakening. As we cannot go into deep sleep when there are thoughts in our mind like this we have to remove our thoughts for Samadhi. This is the reason yogis holy Saints go on retreat. They have not too much demand. our Kamna Vasnnas becomes a barrier in meditation. One thing take in mind that which thing you got by without demanding that is grace and what a thing to take by demanding that is Bagging. Because our more wants becomes more thoughts and we have to do more practice for removing these thoughts.


Mind control.

The mind also gets controlled by repetition of sacred syllables (sacred mantras). Then the syllables, the mind, and breath become one. —–Maharishi Ramana.

Maharishi Ramana sheds light on the importance of Japa mantras. No doubt the method of self-realization has given by maharishi. But there are so many people in the world of different kinds. They take birth with different qualities. Characters, everybody has a different nature. So they want different method of stillness mind. Because we have to only still our mind, then our real nature bliss comes automatically.

One thing we have to understand that our very nature is sat-chit -anannda. We do not need to find it, it is already there. It is not a thing which we have to find!, it’s you! That is why we said, ‘self-realization’. We only have to remove our thoughts! Our thoughts are like clouds on the blue sky.

I am doing both methods as my Guru suggested me. By both methods I can enjoy the bliss (sat-chit- Ananda). By self-inquiry we have to look directly on mind without giving any ideas, because any type of thinking becomes an obstacle. Any type of thinking like our dreams, ideas, knowledge of books, traditions, religions, schools, universities becomes an obstacle in self-inquiry. Bliss comes in an empty mind.

The second method as Maharishi said, repetition of sacred mantras also does the same thing. In this method we have to focus on Japan (mantra). Of too much practice mind and the mantra becomes one and the result of it is bliss. As Indian Saints define it; mantra or sacred word passes from four stages as;

  1. Bachari ( japa by tounge ). When Japan we do with tongue and focus on the sacred word, it will take time of two, three years according to the maturity of the seeker.
  2. Maduma ( mentally japan). Here japan becomes very subtle and interesting. Because beauty comes from inside. In summer season if you come near a fountain, then cool breeze comes to you, it’s like that. Naturally, you will do more and more. After two or three years third stage starts.
  3. Pasheunti.( Observation). It’s a very higher stage, you come face to face with bliss sometimes but not permanently. In practice you feel bliss meanwhile practice. But now you know that there is something beyond human limits, it’s divine. I have experienced this stage, but holy Saints told if you devote more time you can go beyond this .
  4. Para (beyond human misery. ). This stage is called Nirvana or Liberation. Every time you remain in bliss. Now you are free, not need to come in births. You are one with absolute truth. As the stream dissolves in an ocean.
  5. NOTE; the main thing is our wants, as we say according to Vadic language , our Kamanas and vashnas. (Wants of any kind). Becomes obstacles in it. Because this process is of the stillness of mind and our wants goes further and further from us. But it does not matter when you practice these methods you demands also fulfilled, but you find that without demanding you have everything which you need, you also understand that by demanding I cannot do proper this method. Then you will find my practice is also fruit itself.

Observer is observed

In observation, you are the Observer, and you are observing your mind. Some time in your practice, there is no you and no mind. This time you feel like intervals, of Bliss. You think Lord has come in your life,

I was reading J.Krishnamurti’s life written by an American Lady at my farm in India; she wrote that when J.Krishnamurti speak in his lectures ’ Observer is observed.’ I was confused. It happens in meditation.

Our yogis in India says.’ trupti.’ end of the trupti. ’ meaning is the same. ’ Observer is observed ’.



What is meaning of Vadanta?

According to my knowledge as I learnt from my Guru St. Nikka Singh ji . He was a Perfect real Saint . I studied meaning of Guruvani and Bhagwad Gita. As I found in my life that I wants to explain something what I can explain it. When you are reading any scripture, it is like, knowledge of theory. But after that you have to practice the instructions of a real sage. For example, you want to take driving licence. First, you should read the book for laws and regulations of traffic. Now you can not drive, but you have to pass written exam. And after that you have to learn driving on the road.

Same thing for the knowledge of Vadanta. First, you have to study the scriptures from an enlightened teacher. Then, according to his instructions you have to practical of his instructions. And as his guidance you concentrate on that way. And one day you will find that bliss which is beyond our verbally knowledge. This is divine we can taste it, we can live with it, but we cannot explain it. Only we can say it is like dawn, it is like blooming, it is like dew drops. This is the difference between Scholar and a holy saint. Scholar have way of speech, he knows the art of words, he can explain, but he is still empty handed, he has no taste of bliss or Nirvana.For this hard work on meditation or worship you have to do

It happens in the silence of mind. One day my Guru St. Nikka Singh told us that first we said to followers make a horse of papers, his meaning was we said to a follower study this book that book and try our best to give ideas by theory. But when find that the follower is perfect in this then say now it was a horse of paper now burn it with fire . It is nothing but only knowledge for exploration. The real knowledge is by witnessing the mind. To me he one day said,” leave these scriptures and look everytime to your mind, you will go straight.” by this practice one day I understand it, “.I can only say that the human mind has a great treasure in it.but it is beyond the reach of the mind.


Self and mind.

Just as the sun gives light to the moon the heart lights the mind.–Maharishi Ramana.

Comment; It is very important to understand that Maharish Ramana was an enlightened sage who got this knowledge by not studying from any scripture or go on the feet of an enlightened saint he found the experience by God’s grace or from last lives of good Karmas. That is why I choose for meditation a perfect sage from the 20th century. Because he used to speak from his spiritual experience.

Our mind is not perfect it has no, its own light. It takes light from self or God. Body, mind, or senses take light from Observer or self. Who have reached into the depth of self they said that you are not body and mind.

One time in life of Maharishi Ramana, he was going on a walk with some devotees, he felt some pain in the chest and he sat down and his body starts to become dark and devotees start to cry, he told after this that he was watching that his body is going to be darker and darker and he was aware if this happening and his body was laying dead and his devotees were weeping. After some time I felt that the body starts to move and I sat down and then I told my followers that it is a body which dies but due to the illusion we think that we are the body. Meditation is for this purpose that you can understand. I am not body and mind. According to Vadanta we have to figure out that we are self. That is why we say self-realization.



These questions were asked by Paul Brunton to Maharishi Ramana in the year 1925. Maharishi lived in Samadhi at Virupakasa cave and Paul Brunton was a journalist from the U.K. And reached to find the truth of human life. I will use the language of this conversation.

Question; The wise men of the West. Our scientists are greatly honoured for their cleverness. Yet they have confessed that they can throw, but little upon the hidden truth behind life. It is said that in your land who can give what our western sages fail to reveal. Is that so? Can you assist me to experience enlightenment? Or is the search is itself a mere delusion?

I have now reached my conversational objective and decided to await the Maharishi’s response. He continues to stare thoughtfully at me. Perhaps he is pondering over my question ten minutes pass in silence.

At last his lips opened and he says gently.

” You say I. I want to know tell me, who is that I? “

What does he mean? He has cut now across the services of the interpreter and speaks directly in English. Bewilderment creeps across my brain.

” I am afraid I do not understand your question,” I reply blankly.

” Is it not clear.Think again”

I puzzle over his words once more. An idea suddenly comes into my mind. I point a finger toward myself and mention my name.

” And do you know him?”.

“All my life” I smile back at him.

“But that is only your body! again I ask,’ who are you”

I can not find a ready answer to this extraordinary query.

The Maharishi continues,” Know first that I then you shall know the truth.”

My mind hazes again. I was deeply puzzled. this bewilderment finds verbal expression. but Maharishi reached the limit of his English, for this, he turned to the interpreter and the answer was slowly translated to me.

” There is only one thing to be done. look into your self, and through constant meditation, light can be found.”

“I have given myself up to the meditation upon the truth but I see no signs of progress.”

” How do you know that no progress has been made? it is not easy to perceive one’s progress into the spiritual realm”.

” Is the help of a master necessary?”

“It might be.”

” Can a master help a man to look into his own self in the way you suggest?”

” He can give the man all he needs for this quest .such a thing can be perceived through personal experience.”

” how long will it take to get some enlightenment with a master’s help?”.

” It all depends on the maturity of a seeker’s mind. the gunpower catches the fire in an instant, while much time needed to fire coal.”